The Battle Beyond the Battlefield: Common Physical and Mental Issues Veterans Suffer After Service


The life of a military veteran is often romanticized, filled with stories of courage, honor, and sacrifice. While these attributes are certainly present in the lives of those who have served in the armed forces, there is another side to the story that is less frequently discussed – the physical and mental health challenges that many veterans face after their service.

These issues can be as crippling as any battlefield injury, and they deserve our attention and understanding.

In this article, we will explore the most common physical and mental issues veterans suffer from after their service, shedding light on the struggles that often go unnoticed.

Most Common Issues for Veterans After Service

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is perhaps the most well-known mental health issue faced by veterans. It can develop after exposure to a traumatic event, such as combat, and is characterized by symptoms like flashbacks, nightmares, severe anxiety, and emotional numbness.

According to the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, around 15% of veterans from Operations Iraqi Freedom and Enduring Freedom and 12% of Gulf War veterans are estimated to have PTSD in a given year.

PTSD can have a profound impact on a veteran’s life, affecting their relationships, work, and overall well-being. Effective treatments are available, including therapy and medication, but many veterans face barriers to accessing these resources due to stigma or a lack of adequate mental health services.

Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)

Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) is another significant concern for veterans, especially those who have been exposed to explosions or head injuries during combat.

TBIs can range from mild concussions to severe brain damage and have been described as the “signature injury” of the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. Symptoms of TBI can include memory problems, headaches, mood swings, and difficulty concentrating.

The long-term effects of TBI can be wearing, impacting a veteran’s ability to work, maintain relationships, and lead a normal life. Ongoing research is aimed at better understanding TBIs and improving treatment options for affected veterans.

Depression and Anxiety Disorders

Depression and anxiety disorders are extremely common among veterans, often occurring alongside PTSD and TBI. The stressors of military service, including deployment and exposure to traumatic events, can contribute to the development of these mental health conditions.

Depression and anxiety can lead to a range of negative consequences, from social isolation to substance abuse. Early detection and intervention are crucial in addressing these issues and helping veterans shorten their trauma recovery process.

Tinnitus: The Silent Battle

Tinnitus, often referred to as “ringing in the ears,” is a common and frequently overlooked issue that affects a significant number of veterans. It is a condition characterized by the perception of noise when there is no external sound source.

Tinnitus can manifest as ringing, buzzing, hissing, or other sounds and can be constant or intermittent. This condition can be caused or exacerbated by exposure to loud noises, such as gunfire, explosions, and machinery, which are prevalent in military environments.

Tinnitus can significantly impact a veteran’s quality of life. The constant noise can lead to sleep disturbances, concentration difficulties, and heightened stress levels, potentially worsening other mental health conditions like anxiety and depression.

Additionally, tinnitus can be a source of frustration and isolation for veterans, as it is an invisible and often misunderstood condition.

Many veterans may not be aware that they can file a VA claim for tinnitus. The VA recognizes tinnitus as a service-connected disability, meaning it is presumed to have been caused or intensified by military service. Veterans who can provide evidence of their diagnosis and a link to their military service may be eligible for disability compensation.

Substance Abuse and Addiction

Substance abuse and addiction are significant concerns for veterans coping with physical and mental health issues. Some turn to alcohol or drugs as a way to self-medicate and numb the emotional pain they experience. This can lead to a vicious cycle where the substance abuse worsens their mental health symptoms, making it even more challenging to seek help and recover.

Efforts to provide veterans with access to addiction treatment programs and support are critical in addressing this issue. Recognizing the connection between substance abuse and underlying mental health conditions is essential for effective intervention.

Chronic Pain and Physical Disabilities

Physical injuries sustained during military service can result in chronic pain and physical disabilities that persist long after veterans have left the battlefield. Conditions like amputations, spinal cord injuries, and musculoskeletal disorders can limit mobility and independence.

Chronic pain can also lead to mental health issues like depression and anxiety. Comprehensive care that addresses both the physical and mental aspects of these conditions is essential for improving veterans’ quality of life.


Homelessness is a tragic issue that affects a significant number of veterans. The U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development estimates that on any given night, approximately 30,000 veterans are experiencing homelessness. Many of these veterans struggle with a combination of mental health issues, substance abuse, and limited access to support services.

Efforts to combat veteran homelessness involve providing stable housing, mental health services, and employment assistance. Addressing this issue requires a holistic approach that considers the complex challenges veterans face.


The physical and mental issues that veterans suffer from after their service are as real and formidable as the challenges they faced on the battlefield. While we may not always see these wounds, they are no less significant or deserving of our attention and support.

It is important that we as a society recognize the sacrifices made by our veterans and work to ensure that they receive the care and assistance they need to lead fulfilling and healthy lives after their service.

Efforts to improve mental health services, increase awareness, reduce stigma, and provide comprehensive care for veterans are ongoing. By supporting these initiatives, we can honor the commitment and bravery of those who have served our country and help them overcome the battles they continue to face long after their military service has ended.