Gestational Surrogacy 101: How It Works, Benefits, And Risks


Gestational surrogacy is when a woman carries a pregnancy for another person or couple. This process is a form of assisted reproductive technology (ART) that has been used for decades to help individuals and couples unable to conceive or carry a pregnancy.

If you wish to know more about gestational surrogacy, this article will be your guide.

Things To Consider When Doing Gestational Surrogacy

Gestational surrogacy is a complex and personal process involving several essential factors. Some of the key considerations include the following:

  1. Legal Considerations: It’s critical to comprehend the laws and rules governing surrogacy in your country, the roles and obligations of the intended parents and surrogate, and any potential legal stumbling blocks.
  2. Financial Considerations: Surrogacy can be expensive, and it’s essential to understand the costs of gestational surrogacy and who will be responsible for paying them. Surrogate compensation includes medical expenses, legal fees, and surrogate compensation.
  3. Medical Considerations: To ensure that the pregnancy will be secure and healthy for everyone involved, the intended parents and surrogates should undergo medical evaluations. It’s also crucial to consider any potential genetic testing or screening that may be required.
  4. Emotional Considerations: All parties engaged in surrogacy may experience emotional ups and downs, so it’s critical to comprehend these sentiments and be ready for them. Understanding the effect on the intended parents, the surrogate, and her family is part of this.
  5. Professional Considerations: Working with seasoned and recognized professionals is important. Examples include a surrogacy agency, a fertility center, and legal counsel.
  6. Support and Communication: The secret to a successful surrogacy journey is open and honest communication, and it’s crucial to have a support system in place for both the intended parents and the surrogate.

It’s essential to prepare for the surrogacy process; it’s essential to consider all of these factors carefully.

How Does Gestational Surrogacy Work?

In gestational surrogacy, the intended parents and the surrogate enter into a legal contract as part of the multi-step process, including various medical procedures.

Here’s an overview of how the process works:

  1. Fertility Treatment: Making an embryo is the first step in gestational surrogacy. This procedure is typically accomplished by in vitro fertilization (IVF), in which the eggs of the prospective mother are fertilized in a lab using the sperm of the intended father or donor sperm. If the mother cannot produce eggs, they can use donor eggs.
  2. Embryo Transfer: Surrogates are then given the embryos, which are then placed inside their uteruses. A healthy uterus and emotional and physical capacity are essential for a surrogate to carry a pregnancy to term.
  3. Pregnancy and Delivery: Surrogates carry the pregnancy and deliver the child. Routine prenatal care is given to the surrogate and unborn child throughout the pregnancy.
  4. Legal Agreement: It’s common for the intended parents and the surrogate to sign a contract before the pregnancy. This agreement clarifies each party’s obligations and ensures everyone understands the procedure.

Benefits Of Gestational Surrogacy

Gestational surrogacy offers several benefits to individuals and couples who cannot conceive or carry a pregnancy to term. Some of the benefits include:

  • Genetic Connection: Through gestational surrogacy, individuals and couples can maintain a biological relationship with their offspring. This is crucial for those unable to conceive or carry a pregnancy on their own.
  • Increased Chances of Success: Compared to other ART methods like traditional surrogacy or adoption, gestational surrogacy has better success rates. This is because the embryo is developed using the genetic material of the intended parents, increasing the likelihood of a healthy pregnancy.
  • Control Over Pregnancy: Through gestational surrogacy, people and couples can have more control over the entire pregnancy, including prenatal care and delivery.
  • Emotional Satisfaction: Carrying a pregnancy and giving birth can be emotionally stressful, especially for individuals or couples who have had difficulty conceiving or sustaining a pregnancy on their own. Through gestational surrogacy, they may be able to share in the pleasures of parenthood.

Risks Of Gestational Surrogacy

Like any medical process, gestational surrogacy has risks and potential drawbacks. The following are some of the most typical risks connected with gestational surrogacy:

  • Ectopic Pregnancy: This can be fatal because it happens when the fertilized egg implants outside the uterus.
  • Maternal Complications: Pre-eclampsia, gestational diabetes, or early labor are just a few pregnancy-related issues the surrogate could encounter.
  • Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome (OHSS): This disease may develop as a result of the hormones used to encourage the surrogate’s egg production. OHSS can result in bloating, fluid retention, and stomach pain.
  • Multiple Pregnancy: Multiple pregnancies are more likely when assisted reproductive technologies are used, which raises the risk of difficulties for both the surrogate and the growing fetus.
  • Birth Defects: Congenital impairments are rarely a problem, but they are always possible during pregnancy.
  • Psychological Issues: The decision to become a gestational surrogate can be emotionally taxing, and some surrogates may struggle with depression, anxiety, or other mental health conditions.

The risks linked with a specific surrogacy arrangement will depend on several factors, including the surrogate’s medical history and the reproductive therapies utilized, so it’s important to remember that these hazards are not all-inclusive.


Thanks to technology, there are alternatives to becoming a parent through gestational surrogacy. But before choosing to become a surrogate, it’s crucial to know the considerations, the process, and the risks involved.

Making informed decisions and navigating the surrogacy process can be helped by seeking support and guidance from trusted medical professionals, legal experts, or surrogacy agencies.