GE Healthcare Medical Diagnostics announced the market reintroduction of Optison™ (Perflutren Protein-Type A Microspheres Injectable Suspension, USP), a diagnostic ultrasound contrast agent for use in select echocardiograms. Optison is indicated for use in patients with suboptimal echocardiograms to opacify the left ventricle and to improve the delineation of the left ventricular endocardial borders. The safety and efficacy of Optison with exercise stress or pharmacologic stress testing have not been established.
"We are excited to announce the reintroduction of Optison,” said Kimberly Wolf, Regional Marketing Leader – Americas, GE Healthcare Medical Diagnostics. “The product gives medical professionals an option in ultrasound contrast agents when they need to increase diagnostic accuracy by converting non-diagnostic echo studies to diagnostic images.”
Optison is an FDA-approved ultrasound contrast agent available in a ready-to-use formulation, providing the benefits of fast preparation time, ease of use, portability, and flexible dosing. The recommended dose is 0.5 mL injected into a peripheral vein. This may be repeated for further contrast enhancement as needed, but the maximum total dose should not exceed 8.7 mL in any one patient study.
Optison was approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in 1998. In June 2009, GE Healthcare was no longer able to supply Optison to the market due to manufacturing difficulties. Since that time, the company has conducted a thorough review of the manufacturing process and changes have been made to minimize any future disruptions to product supply.
“Optison gives cardiologists, sonography professionals, cardiac catheterization laboratory nurses, echocardiography laboratory staff, and most importantly patients, an additional option in ultrasound contrast agent selection,” said Anthony N. DeMaria MD, Professor of Medicine, Judith and Jack White Chair in Cardiology at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine.
According to the Intersocietal Commission for the Accreditation of Echocardiography Laboratories (ICAEL), an estimated 10 million echocardiograms are performed in the United States each year. As many as 30% of patients receiving stress echocardiography may receive nondiagnostic or poor-quality images. Echocardiographic contrast agents can improve imaging.
Clinical trials demonstrate that suboptimal echocardiograms can be converted to diagnostic examinations in 75% to 90% of patients.
The American Society of Echocardiography (ASE) recommends the use of contrast whenever two or more left ventricular wall segments are not seen on non-contrast images. In clinical studies supporting the marketing application of Optison, there was significantly increased left ventricular heart opacification and improved endocardial border delineation with Optison compared to non-enhanced echocardiograms.
“I am pleased that Optison is back on the market because it offers an important tool for improving the accuracy and reliability of echocardiograms, without unnecessarily exposing patients to ionizing radiation or dye,” said Steven B. Feinstein, MD, FACC, FESC, Professor of Medicine and Director of Echocardiography, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago.
“By improving the accuracy of echocardiograms, the use of ultrasound contrast agents also avoids redundant downstream testing."
Optison is supported by more than 1 million administered doses and nearly 12 years of clinical use, with only 16 serious adverse events reported since 1998. Of the reported adverse reactions following the use of Optison the most frequently reported were headache, nausea and/or vomiting, warm sensation or flushing, and dizziness. Some adverse reactions have been identified during the postmarketing use of perflutren-containing microsphere products. Fatal cardiac arrests and other serious but non-fatal adverse reactions were uncommonly reported. Most of these uncommon reactions included cardiopulmonary symptoms and signs such as cardiac or respiratory arrest, hypotension, supraventricular and ventricular arrhythmias, respiratory distress, or decreased oxygenation. Reports also identified neurologic reactions (loss of consciousness or convulsions) as well as anaphylactoid reactions. Because these reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure.
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