The Biden government labelled the viral outbreak a public health emergency as cases are spreading across the US and there are now more than 6,600 cases of monkeypox in the country. Monkeypox cases have been found so far in 48 different states. Only Montana and Wyoming have not yet received a diagnosis. The World Health Organization declared an emergency last month, and the United States has now decided to do the same.
Infections have increased considerably in the U.S. over the last several weeks. There were 2,108 reports in the United States in the final few weeks of July. As previously reported, the White House at the time stated that monkeypox is not anticipated to become a serious public health problem. However, times have evolved.
Prior to the most recent announcement, President Joe Biden named two people to head up the country’s response to the epidemic earlier this week. Robert Fenton of FEMA was designated as the national monkeypox response coordinator, while Dr. Demetre Daskalakis, the head of the CDC’s division of HIV/AIDS prevention, was designated as the deputy coordinator. The two are anticipated to direct the Biden administration’s outbreak response plan, which would include stepping up testing, immunizations, and treatment.
Monkeypox is a zoonotic virus that primarily spreads through personal or intimate contact, in contrast to COVID-19, a fast-spreading respiratory virus. The virus, which resembles the deadly smallpox virus in certain ways, was previously only found in some regions of Africa, but in recent months it has become widespread. In contrast to smallpox, the monkeypox outbreak in the US has not been associated with any fatalities.
Swollen lymph nodes, a rash, and fever are all signs of monkeypox. The signs and symptoms normally last for two to four weeks, but they can also cause further problems that can be fatal. The WHO estimates that between 3 and 6% of people die from viruses.
According to the CDC, there are a few different ways that the monkeypox virus can spread. The virus typically spreads by skin-to-skin contact, such as coming into close proximity to an infected person’s rash or bodily fluids. Any sexual or other personal touch falls under the definition of skin-to-skin contact.
The CDC said that although it is not a respiratory illness, exposure to respiratory secretions from a cough or other sources might cause the virus to spread. However, this form of contact is often lengthy and has not been a significant cause of infection in the United States, according to an infectious disease specialist at the Memorial Hermann Health System in Houston, Dr. Linda Yancey.
Contact with unclean materials or items is another way the virus can spread. According to the CDC, the virus may be transmitted by coming into contact with unclean clothing, bedding, or towels that have been used by an infected individual.
The Jynneos smallpox vaccine, which has also been authorised for monkeypox, is another prophylactic measure in addition to avoiding close contact with infected people and using hand sanitizers. The U.S. government has ordered millions of doses of the vaccine created by Bavarian Nordic.
The American Food and Drug Administration is also researching various supply-extender strategies, such as employing fewer doses. In order to combat the most recent public health calamity, more antivirals and smallpox treatments are being evaluated.